The Gender Pay Gap: Why Women Deserve Better
Equal pay is the legal right to receive the same pay and conditions for doing the same or equivalent work, regardless of gender. The gender pay gap is a measure of the difference in average earnings between men and women. It is a measure of inequality in the labor market and is often used as a way of assessing the progress made toward gender equality.
A recent study conducted in the United States has found that there is a significant gender pay gap between men and women. The study, which was conducted by the American Association of University Women (AAUW), found that women in the United States earn 79 cents for every dollar earned by men.
This pay gap exists across all industries and occupations and is particularly pronounced in certain sectors, such as finance and technology. The AAUW study also found that the gender pay gap is larger for women of color and for women who have children. There are a number of factors that contribute to the gender pay gap, including discrimination, and the prevalence of women in low-paying jobs.
Additionally, the study found that women are paid less than men even when they have the same qualifications and experience. However, the gender pay gap is not the same as equal pay.
The AAUW study is just one of many that have found a significant gender pay gap in the United States. In 2016, the U.S. Census Bureau found that women earned 80.5 cents for every dollar earned by men. A 2017 study by the Pew Research Center found that women earned 83% of what men earned. And a 2018 study by the Economic Policy Institute found that women in the United States earn just 90% of what men earn. The AAUW study highlights the need for further research on the issue and for policies that would help to close the gap.
In the UK, the most recent data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) shows that the gender pay gap for full-time workers was 8.6% in April 2019. This means that, on average, women in full-time work in the UK, earned 8.6% less per hour than men in full-time work.
There are a number of reasons why the gender pay gap exists. One of the most significant is the under-representation of women in senior positions and in certain sectors of the economy. This is often referred to as the ‘glass ceiling’ effect.
It’s a global problem that exists in almost every country in the world. In some countries, the pay gap is very small, while in others, it’s much larger.
For example, in the United Kingdom, the gender pay gap is around 18%. This means that for every £1 that a man earns, a woman earns just 82p. In the United States, the gender pay gap is even larger, with women earning just 80% of what men earn. The pay gap is even larger for women of color. Black women earn about 60% of what white men earn, and Latinas earn about 54% of what white men earn.
This disturbing inequality has a huge impact on women and their families. Women who earn less than men have less money to spend on essentials like food and rent. They also have less money to save for retirement. This can have a major impact on their standard of living in later life.
Another of the most significant reasons, the gender pay gap exists is that women are more likely to work in lower-paid sectors, such as waitressing, cleaning, healthcare and education. They are also more likely to work part-time or in jobs that offer fewer hours, which further reduces their earnings.
Another reason for the gender pay gap is that women are more likely to take time off from work to care for children or elderly relatives. This is often called the “caregiving penalty.”
When women take time off from work, they often earn less when they return because they have less experience. One way to address this is to provide paid family leave. This would allow women to take time off from work to care for children or relatives without worrying about losing income.
Another reason is that women are often discriminated against when it comes to pay. A study in the UK found that women with the same qualifications and experience as men are paid 7% less than their male counterparts.
Another way to close the gender pay gap is to increase the number of women in leadership positions. When women are in charge, they are more likely to create policies that help other women, such as flexible work schedules and affordable child care.
By providing paid family leave and increasing the number of women in leadership positions, we can make progress. The gender pay gap is a complex problem that requires a range of solutions. Governments and businesses need to work together to address the root causes of the problem. Only then will we see real progress in closing the gender pay gap around the world.